Trans Policies and Mental Health – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink brings you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

Trans Policies and Mental Health

A new study found that in states with poor scores on transgender-inclusive policies, there was an association between minority stressors (like discrimination) and suicide attempt among transgender people. That relationship was not present in states that did better on trans equality, suggesting that a lack of protections, or laws that actively discriminate, may put trans lives at risk.

VA Not Collecting SOGI Data, But Open

The Advocate reported that the Veterans Administration healthcare system is not yet collecting data on sexual orientation and gender identity of patients – meaning disparities are harder to identify and health needs may not be being met. The VA said it agrees with the importance of collecting such data, as the number of LGBT veterans grows following the repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” (although the status of transgender service members remains complicated).

Social Media Could Educate LGBT Folks GLobally

A study of sexual minority men and trans women in Nairobi and Johannesburg found that 71% and 60%, respectively, used social media for socializing or finding sexual partners. While meeting online was thought to be safer in some ways than in-person, concerns remained about safety and privacy. Social media could be a largely untapped way to bring LGBT health information to people living in these African cities, researchers say. 

Pregnancy among Trans and Nonbinary Folks

Healthline reported on pregnancy among trans men and gender-nonconforming people with uteruses. The issue is often ignored, and providers often overstate the impact that hormone therapy will have on this population, who usually start menstruating again within months if they stop treatment. Research suggests high numbers of unplanned pregnancies among transgender men, likely due to this misinformation.

New Report Calls for Data

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine called for more data on LGBT health. Among the reasons for more data are the growth and shift in the population over the past decade, the lack of intersectional data on LGBT people of color, and the need for data that explores factors such as environmental and economic issues that impact health.

Pandemic’s Impact on Trans Health

The University of Delaware Review explored how the COVID-19 pandemic may be impacting transgender individuals, who already faced challenges accessing affirming providers before healthcare services became severely strained. Additionally, federal protections against discrimination for trans patients were recently rolled back, increasing fear in the community.

Consenting to Gender-Affirming Care – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink brings you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

Complications Consenting to Gender-affirming Care

Researchers examined consent forms for youth to receive gender-affirming care and found that many had incomplete information to guide providers, youth,and guardians in the process. For example, only half of the forms noted the importance of shared decision-making between youth and guardians, and while all the forms discussed the risks of treatment, not all discussed the benefits.

PrEP Use Dropped in Australia

Australia’s ABC News reported that 42% of sexual minority men there who had been on PrEP prior to the COVID-19 pandemic had stopped taking it by April. Most men reporting doing so because they were having less sex, but researchers warn that as the pandemic (and related restrictions) evolve, there will be a need for many sexual minority men to consider returning to PrEP.

Bi Folks Miss Health Benefit of Education

Researchers found that heterosexual, gay, and lesbian adults all enjoyed better health if they had earned at least a bachelor’s degree compared to their peers who did not do so. However, the benefit was less pronounced for bisexual adults. The authors say discrimination facing bisexual individuals could help explain why they get less of a health boost from education.

HPV Vaccine Rates Increase

A study found that since 2011, there has been a six-fold increase in young sexual minority men reporting HPV vaccination; until that date, the vaccine was not recommended for males, despite sexual minority males being especially at risk. Now, about 33% of sexual minority aged 18-26 men not living with HIV, and 51% of sexual minority men aged 18-26 living with HIV, reported vaccination.

Texas Social Workers Can Discriminate

ABC News reported that Texas has voted to allow social workers to discriminate on the basis of gender identity, sexual orientation, and disability, which had previously been prohibited. Advocates for LGBT individuals and people with disabilities say the move will make it harder for these groups to obtain services and more likely to face discrimination from service providers.

Traveling While Trans

Travel & Leisure shared the stories of two transgender travelers, how their identities impact their travel experiences, and the steps that they take to avoid uncomfortable or even unsafe situations. For example, one traveler recommends services like TSA PreCheck to minimize steps with airport security. They also rattle off their bucket lists for travel destinations. (Frankly, pretty much anywhere sounds good right now to us!)

All of Us Helping to Unmask COVID – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink brings you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

Research Program Helping to Understand COVID

All of Us Research Program shared the work it is doing on COVID-19 and its impact on different communities. All of Us is a national medical research program that individuals can join to make medical research more inclusive of diverse populations, including LGBT folks. Their work around COVID includes blood testing for antibodies; surveying how things like housing and food security have been affected; and evaluating health records to understand how COVID impacts different people.

Cardiovascular Health an Issue for LGBT Adults

The American Heart Association published a statement calling for more research on LGBT cardiovascular health. They say that LGBT adults face many stressors, such as discrimination and problems accessing care, that could cause or exacerbate problems for heart health – but little research has been done. They also call for medical education to be made more inclusive.

Intersectional Issues Face Queer Latinx Youth

Popsugar reported on the mental health challenges facing LGBT Latinx youth. Recent research has found high rates of attempted self-harm in this group, with researchers crediting this to the intersectional discrimination faced by LGBT Latinx youth, especially those who are trans or nonbinary. Fears surrounding immigration issues for themselves or someone close to them was a major factor in suicide attempt risk.

Exploring LGBTQ+ History Month

Romper explored the backstory and purpose behind LGBTQ+ History Month, which is recognized in October after a history teacher in Missouri decided that students needed to learn more about the LGBT community’s experiences. Learning about their own community’s history is also a protective factor for LGBT youth that reduces the toll stress and discrimination takes on their health.

Applying HIV Stigma Lessons to COVID-19

UNAIDS published a new report that applies what advocates and researchers have learned about reducing HIV-related stigma to the COVID-19 pandemic. The agency points to discrimination such as xenophobia that has played out during the pandemic, as well as the targeting of vulnerable populations – such as LGBT people – to explain the need for anti-stigma programming during this and future public health crises.

HIV among Queer Latinx Men

The CDC published new information about gay and bisexual Latinx men, including that they comprised 21% of new HIV cases in 2018 – a hugely disproportionate number given their size in the total population. Two in three of these cases were among queer Latinx men aged 13 to 34, indicating that the burden of HIV was particularly pronounced in Latinx youth and young adults.

Is Sharing Caring with PrEP? #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink brings you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

Is Sharing Caring with PrEP?

POZ reported that about 10% of sexual minority men who take PrEP for HIV prevention share their medication with others, according to a 2018 survey – a concerning statistic given the importance of taking PrEP regularly and under medical supervision. The study also found that men in their 30s were much more likely to use PrEP than those in their 40s and above.

Sending Food and Love to LGBT Seniors

WMFE reported that The LGBT+ Center of Orlando is expanding its services for LGBT older adults thanks to a grant it received. The Center has been conducting phone outreach to older adults during the pandemic (which includes free mental health services from professionals) as well as working with the Salvation Army to send them boxes of food. Find an LGBT center near you using CenterLink’s interactive directory.

Sex Beyond Stereotypes

A study found that among sexual minority Latino men in New York, pleasure rather than masculine stereotypes or power dynamics played a more important role in determining one’s sexual positions or whether one participated in penetrative sex at all. The results could have implications for sexual health interventions, which rarely consider pleasure when seeking to change behavior.

Conversion Therapy’s Impact on Aging

A study of older sexual minority men found that 15% had experienced so-called conversion therapy at some point in their lives. Those who had experienced conversion therapy had 2-to-2.5 times the likelihood of having at least one psychosocial condition, compared to other men. Researchers say that experiences of conversion therapy could thus complicate healthy aging.

California Tackles Health Inequities

California announced that it has signed into law a package of new legislation aimed at addressing inequities facing LGBT individuals. One bill will increase data collection regarding LGBT health, while a second will ensure that transgender people are appropriately housed in prisons, and a third will establish a Transgender Wellness and Equity Fund.

Talk Covers Health Center’s History

Northwestern University hosted a talk by Dr. Kenneth Mayer on the evolution of Fenway Health’s model for delivering care to the LGBT community in Boston. The talk focused on how Fenway balanced its role as a healthcare provider for the community while also engaging in academic research.

Queer Latinx Communities Impacted by Pandemic – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink brings you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

Queer Latinx Communities Impacted by Pandemic

HRC published new data finding that Latinx LGBT individuals were more likely than other LGBT or other Latinx folks to have lost work during the COVID-19 pandemic and to be struggling economically as a result. With 40% of Latinx LGBT folks facing cuts to their work, many reported having to change household budgets or even having difficulty making rent payments. 

Virtual Health Summit
LGBT HealthLink held its annual e-summit, which brings together leaders in LGBT health from around the world on a digital platform. The event falls within its parent organization CenterLink’s own virtual summit, which this year is replacing its typically in-person event for LGBT centers that happens each year. The summit kicked off on October 13th.

Unpacking Disordered Eating Behaviors

Researchers found that LGBT individuals experience higher rates of disordered eating behaviors and body image dissatisfaction than their peers. For example, 10.5% of transgender men and 8.1% of transgender women reported having been diagnosed with an eating disorder at some point in their lifetime, with body disastisfaction likely being a significant stressor for trans folks.

Stigma during COVID-19 Pandemic

A study from the Canadian government found widespread discrimination there during the COVID-19 pandemic. Gender-diverse individuals were three times as likely as men (and also significantly more likely than women) to have experienced discrimination, while racial and ethnic minorities and youth were also at higher risk of reporting different forms of discrimination.

Discriminatory Policy Blocks Organ Donors

NBC News explored the archaic rules that prohibits sexual minority men from donating organs – a similar but less well-known rule to that which restricts blood donations from gay individuals. While tens of thousands of individuals wait for organ donors to come available, advocates say that the prohibition on gay men is based on HIV-related stigma rather than science.

Uprooting Biphobia

In recognition of Bisexual Awareness Week, the Advocate published a guide on how to address biphobia in others and in yourself. Noting that bisexual folks face disparities even when compared to gay and lesbian peers, they offer tips like not assuming a gay or straight identity when someone shares the sex of their partner and taking someone at their word when they say they are attracted to multiple genders (versus assuming it’s a lie or a “phase”).

Health News from Around the World – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink, and researcher and blogger Corey Prachniak-Rincón bring you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

Sexual Minority Canadians Face Assault

Out reported on new research finding that sexual minority Canadians were almost three times as likely as their heterosexual peers to report assault within the past year, in which 11% of sexual minorities self-reported assault compared to 4% of heterosexual individuals. Over the course of the lifetime, 59% of sexual minorities reported assault compared to 37% of others.

Who Needs Schooling?

YubaNet reported that the Texas State Board of Education had voted down proposals that proponents said would have taught youth basic understanding of and respect for LGBT peers, making schools safer places. Meanwhile, PinkNews reported on a study finding that four in ten U.K. adults would not want their young children to learn it is okay to be gay or lesbian.

Mississippi Clinic Makes History

The Hour reported on the opening of the first clinic in Mississippi tailoring to the transgender and nonbinary community. With an estimated 15,000 transgender people in the state, Mississippi had only one healthcare center offering horomone therapy at all, and many trans folks reported being turned away from providers for even routine care. Thanks to telehealth technology, the clinic is able to offer services statewide.

Ecuador Approves Health Rights for LGBT Folks

Human Rights Watch reported that after an eight year struggle, Ecuador’s National Assembly approved a bill that guarantees a universal right to health for all Ecuadorians – and specifically for women, adolescents, and LGBT individuals. The law includes a reinforcement of the ban on conversion therapy and also protects intersex children from unnecessary surgery.

Global Trans Org Set to Release Standards

Healio explored the mental health needs of transgender individuals, including some of the myths and vague beliefs that get in the way of care, such as that all mental health issues must be controlled before someone should seek gender-affirming surgery. The article also discusses the new Standards of Care from the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH), which are due out soon.

Book Unites Queer Health Stories

Gay City News reported on the release of a new book, “Bodies and Barriers: Queer Activists on Health,” which features essays from more than two dozen LGBT activits from around the globe. The book’s editor, Adrian Shanker – who serves as the Executive Director of the Bradbury-Sullivan LGBT Community Center – speaks in the article about COVID-19, health quality and equity, and more.

Find an LGBT community center near you using CenterLink’s interactive directory.

SOGI Questions Need some Work – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink, and researcher and blogger Corey Prachniak-Rincón bring you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

SOGI Questions Need some Work

Researchers explored what LGBT people think about sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) in medical forms and research. They found that typical questions they see were not as fluid and open as they wanted, limiting the inclusiveness of the data, and that multi-part questions assessing different aspects of identity were often confusing as to which part of identity (e.g. sex versus gender) they were asking.

Another Court Rules on Healthcare Protections

Health Affairs reported that another court has blocked a change in federal law that would remove healthcare discrimination protections for LGBT individuals. This is the third such decision, but this one went farther in also striking an expansion to religious exemptions to anti-discrimination laws. The series of decisions follows the recent Supreme Court case that found existing employment nondiscrimination laws protected LGBT people.

Impact of Shelter Discrimination for Trans Folks

On the subject of nondiscrimination rights: the Center for American Progress studied the impact of a proposed federal government rule change that would remove equal access to homeless shelters for transgender individuals. They found that trans folks were more likely than cisgender peers to have a difficult or impossible time finding an alternative place to stay if a shelter turned them away. Trans people are also more likely than cisgender people to experience homelessness generally.

Sexual Minority Mental Health in Mexico

A study in Mexico found that compared to heterosexual university students with no same-sex attraction, sexual minority students (and heterosexual-identified students with some same-sex attraction) faced higher risks with respect to several behavioral health issues. Additionally, asexual students faced disparities for drug dependence. The study is one of few to look at LGB mental health in countries classified as developing.

Making Language Inclusive

USA Today reported on several changes made by to make terms more inclusive. These include adding the terms “gender-inclusive” and “trans+,” as well as editing terms on sexuality. They also include many changes and additions for words relating to race and ethnicity – for example, capitalizing Black as it applies to race and adding gender-inclusive terms like Afro-Latinx.

Annual Healthcare Index Shows Progress

HRC published its annual Healthcare Equality Index and of the record 765 facilities who participated, 495 were named “leaders” while another 193 were named “top performers.” 92% of facilities met the staff training requirement that HRC sets, while only 53% have policies and procedures for welcoming and interacting with transgender patients, showing some issues are farther along than others.

PrEP Works While You Vacation – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink, and researcher and blogger Corey Prachniak-Rincón bring you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

PrEP Works While You Vacation

US News reported on a new option for using PrEP to prevent HIV infection: “vacation PrEP,” in which patients take the pill before, during, and after a trip. It might be a good fit for those who generally are lower-risk for HIV infection but who expect to be more sexually active during a vacation. Researchers say that not only is this usage effective, but in a study, it also led to many patients deciding to stick with PrEP long-term after trying it out.

Contraception Use Concerning among Bi Women

A study found that women who had any attraction to women were more likely to have used any contraception method than women attracted only to men. The bad news: bisexual-identified women aged 15-25 and women with both male and female partners aged 26-35 both had higher rates of low-efficacy methods of contraception, suggesting many bisexual women may be more at risk of unintended pregnancy despite having higher use of some type of contraception.

Creating a SOGI Nursing Toolkit

A study examined the creation of a Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Nursing Toolkit to help fill knowledge gaps on LGBT patients. The toolkit includes a website, quiz to identify biases, lessons on cultural humility, and learning modules on priority topics. The process used to design the toolkit could be used to develop similar resources for other professionals, many of whom lack basic LGBT education.

Remote HIV Intervention Less Effective

Researchers studied the effectiveness of community health worker interventions for youth living with HIV and found that the service was less effective when conducted remote (at home) compared to when delivered at a clinic. Those who received clinic-based services had better viral load results after one year and also saw a decrease in alcohol use that those receiving home-based services did not.

Challenges for Homeless LGBT Youth

The Advocate reported on efforts to protect LGBT youth experiencing homelessness, as challenges persist despite progress made in many states to ban housing discrimination against LGBT folks. Mistreatment in shelters remains common (and protections from the federal government were recently erased), with many LGBT youth choosing to sleep on the streets rather than make use of the limited resources available.

New Season of Song Begins

WKBW reported on how the show has gone on for the Buffalo Gay Men’s Chorus – with proper public health measures in place. When told that they could only perform together with masks, social distancing, and top-notch ventilation, they took their performances online. Now, they’re holding rehearsals and auditions in parking lots so that they can keep their distance while still showing pride.

When Gay Men Do (and Don’t) Seek Care – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink, and researcher and blogger Corey Prachniak-Rincón bring you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

When Gay Men Do (and Don’t) Seek Care

Researchers found that young gay men who experience healthcare discrimination or are uncomfortable discussing their identities with providers are less likely than others to seek coordinated care. On the other hand, gay youth who found an affirming environment and trusted their provider got better care. Researchers say that can make a big difference in catching chronic and mental health problems early.

MAPFultonCase Threatens Child Welfare, and Beyond

Movement Advancement Project published a report on the potential implications of a Supreme Court case in which a child welfare service provider wants to be able to discriminate against LGBT parents because of its religious beliefs. The report found that should this argument carry the day, it could impact all types of health and human services that private entities are contracted with governments to provide.

PrEP Users’ Behavioral Health

Researchers in Amsterdam found that those starting PrEP (the HIV prevention treatment) had overall high rates of mental health issues, but that these issues did not increase over the course of PrEP use. Furthermore, drug use disorder and sexual compulsivity decreased significantly in the average of 2.5 years for which study participants were followed. The results show the importance of considering behavioral health integration with PrEP services.

Bisexual Folks Face Higher Risk

A study found that bisexual folks in the U.K. faced more than six times the odds of engaging in self-harm within the past year when compared to heterosexual peers. Bisexual individuals also faced disparities compared to their gay and lesbian peers. Anxiety, depression, and experiences of bullying and assault were factors that were frequently associated with self-harm among the population.

TransFlagsRule Allowing Trans Discrimination Held Off

CNN reported that a court has put on hold a recent federal rule that would have allowed discrimination in healthcare on the basis of gender identity. The judge says that the rule violates the Supreme Court’s Bostock decision from earlier this summer, in which the Court said that gender identity discrimination was included in sex discrimination. The change is now paused as the case moves forward.

Celebrating Humanitarian Workers

UNAIDS recognized World Humanitarian Day and explained how, now more than ever, humanitarian aid is critical for individuals around the world to access HIV care. The UN honored humanitarian workers by sharing their stories and the impact that they have on the lives of vulnerable populations – before, during, and after the current pandemic.

Queer Women Facing Food Insecurity

Researchers found that between 20-27% of lesbian and bisexual women (as well as straight-identified women with histories of same-sex relationships) had experienced food insecurity in the past year, compared to 13.1% of exclusively heterosexual women. Despite having more food insecurity, sexual minority women were troublingly no more likely than their peers to access food assistance benefits.

TXDentistWorking to Train Texas Dentists & Beyond

Texas A&M reported on efforts there to have the school of dentistry (working in conjunction with other health schools) implement LGBT health education. They say that LGBT individuals face barriers in accessing dental and other health care, and that students are not always comfortable treating them. The school’s proposed interdisciplinary LGBT health curriculum would be the first of its kind in Texas.

Drinking among Trans Folks

A new study found that transgender and nonbinary folks with higher levels of proximal stress, such as dealing with facing discrimination or stigma, were more likely to drink as a coping mechanism. People who drank for this purpose, in turn, were more likely to experience negative behavioral outcomes. The results show the importance of supporting transgender folks with healthy coping mechanisms (not to mention ending discrimination).

Health of LGBT Veterinarians

Researchers examined the mental health of LGBT veterinary students and professionals, and found that these individuals had higher rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt than their peers. Interestingly, while veterinary students reported better access to institutional resources and policies, veterinary professionals faced more welcoming climates and better odds of disclosing their gender identity.

Mammography Rates among Queer WomenMammoPOC2

A study found a complex situation when it comes to mammography rates among sexual minority women. Among White women, bisexual women had lower rates of mammography compared to straight women, whereas among Black women, the opposite was true and bisexual women had higher rates. Many other differences were not statistically significant, pointing to the need for more research.

Advancing Equity in the South

Movement Advancement Project published a series of blog posts highlighting organizations advancing LGBT equality in the South. For example, the Nationz Foundation in Central Virginia was founded by Black transgender women to improve sexual and general health among LGBT people in that region. The STAY Project for Appalachian youth and Gender Benders, a grassroots org with a storied camp.

“Queerantine” Brings Struggle for Youth – #LGBTWellness Roundup

Each week LGBT HealthLink, a Program of CenterLink, and researcher and blogger Corey Prachniak-Rincón bring you a round-up of some of the biggest LGBTQ wellness stories from the past week.

Now you can HEAR your Weekly Wellness Roundup, too! Subscribe to our weekly podcast here: or where ever you podcast.

Queeranteen“Queerantine” Brings Struggle for Youth

Researchers in the U.K. found that lockdowns related to COVID-19 have had perilous impacts on the mental health of LGBT individuals. Two-thirds of LGBT people showed serious signs of depression during the “Queerantine,” as some call it, and this was particularly true for LGBT youth. Researchers speculated that this may be because they lack the supportive network that comes as one ages into the community.

Trans Teens Take on Ban

NBC News reported on a pair of transgender teenagers who are challenging Arizona’s ban on gender-affirming surgery under the state’s Medicaid plan. The teens are filing a class action lawsuit for all young Arizonans who are seeking chest reconstruction surgery, which the state expressly prohibits even though it is medically necessary. Arizona is one of ten states that outright bans gender-affirming surgery.

Allowing Discrimination Counters Science InFrontofSC

Meanwhile, researchers argued laws that discriminate or allow discrimination on the basis of gender identity run contrary to growing evidence that sex assigned at birth is only part of one’s sense of gender. It also further marginalizes groups – specifically, transgender and nonbinary folks – who already face myriad health disparities and healthcare access issues, making addressing these issues more difficult.

One in Four LGBT Youth Use Nonbinary Pronouns

Teen Vogue reported on new research from the Trevor Project, which found that 25% of LGBT youth aged 13-24 use gender nonbinary pronouns. Most of those youth use a combination of “he” or “she” plus neutral pronouns like “they,” which was the most popular type of nonbinary pronoun. The size of the group shows the growing importance of service providers understanding nonbinary identities and pronouns in general.

Comprehensive Health Ed Works for All

Human Rights Watch reported on why comprehensive sexual health education is so important for the health of all youth. Many states lack any requirement for sexual health education, and several explicitly stigmatize LGBT youth. This leads to all youth lacking key information on their sexual and reproductive health, as well as developing health literacy in general (a problem highlighted during the COVID-19 pandemic).

IntersexChildrenChanging Care for Intersex Infants

CNN reported that the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital in Chicago became the first in the U.S. to apologize for performing medically unnecessary procedures on intersex children to make their genitalia appear more stereotypically “male” or “female.” Intersex advocates argue that these irreversible surgeries should only be done when a youth is old enough to understand and consent. The article explores how discovering that one received such surgery as an infant is often deeply traumatic.

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